| Ruder Josip Boškovic (18 mai 1711, Raguse - 13 février 1787, Milan), est un jésuite dalmate qui était mathématicien, physicien, astronome, poète et philosophe. Il était citoyen de République de Raguse (aujourd'hui Dubrovnik, Croatie). Astronome, fondateur de l'atomisme moderne, natif de Dubrovnik, croate de naissance, français d'adoption, il a travaillé à Paris de 1775 à 1777. |
Ruder Josip Boškovic (18 May 1711 – 13 February 1787) was a physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit, and a polymath from the city of Dubrovnik in the Republic of Ragusa (today Croatia), who studied and lived in Italy and France where he also published many of his works.
He is famous for his atomic theory and made many important contributions to astronomy, including the first geometric procedure for determining the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position. In 1753 he also discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.
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