Thursday, July 12, 2012

Pablo Neruda

Pablo Neruda, prix Nobel de littérature, est né le 12 juillet 1904 à Parral Linares, Chili. Né Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto, il avait choisi son nom de plume en hommage au poète tchèque Jan Neruda (1834-1891).
 
Poète, écrivain, mais aussi, diplomate, homme politique et penseur, Neruda fit plusieurs séjours à Paris. En 1938, il y est nommé consul général pour les immigrés espagnols fuyant la guerre civile et le régime franquiste. Dans ce qu'il appellera "la plus belle mission que j'aie entreprise", il fait partir pour le Chili 2000 des réfugiés espagnols parqués dans des camps frontaliers français.
 
En 1970-1972, il est nommé ambassadeur en France par Salvador Allende. Mais la dégradation de sa santé l'amène à retourner au Chili, et il meurt le 23 septembre 1973 à Santiago.

Nobel prize writer Pablo Neruda was born 12 July 1904. The Chilean poet, diplomat and politician Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto who had chosen his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
Following the election in 1938 of President Pedro Aguirre Cerda, whom Neruda supported, the poet was appointed special consul for Spanish emigration in Paris. There Neruda was given responsibility for what he called "the noblest mission I have ever undertaken": shipping 2,000 Spanish refugees, who had been housed by the French in squalid camps, to Chile on an old boat called the Winnipeg.
Much later, Salvador Allende appointed Neruda the Chilean ambassador to France, lasting from 1970–1972; his final diplomatic posting. During his stint in Paris, Neruda helped to renegotiate the external debt of Chile, billions owed to European and American banks, but within months of his arrival in Paris his health began to deteriorate. Neruda returned to Chile two and half years later due to his failing health. He died there 23 September 1973.
Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda
Plaque: 2, avenue de La Motte Picquet
Le poète chilien
Pablo Neruda
(1904-1975)
ambassadeur du Chili
prix Nobel de littérature
habita cette maison
entre 1931 et 1975
The Chilean poet
Pablo Neruda
(1904-1975)
ambasador of Chile,
Nobel Prize for Literature,
lived here
between 1931 and 1975.

Wikipédia fr:Pablo Neruda
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